Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 1, recreated)

  last edited: Sun, 16 Dec 2018 15:04:11 +0100  
This is my first post on the remarkable nutritional properties of flaxseed.
The article from 2014 reported under the picture describes the medical properties on humans very well.
Especially I like Fig. 3, which summarizes the properties effectively.

Image/photo
(my work, CC0)

Flax and flaxseed oil: an ancient medicine & modern functional food  (pdf)
J Food Sci Technol. 2014 Sep; 51(9): 1633–1653.
Published online 2014 Jan 10. doi:  [10.1007/s13197-013-1247-9]

Abstract
Flaxseed is emerging as an important functional food ingredient because of its rich contents of α-linolenic acid (ALA, omega-3 fatty acid), lignans, and fiber. Flaxseed oil, fibers and flax lignans have potential health benefits such as in reduction of cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, diabetes, cancer, arthritis, osteoporosis, autoimmune and neurological disorders. Flax protein helps in the prevention and treatment of heart disease and in supporting the immune system. As a functional food ingredient, flax or flaxseed oil has been incorporated into baked foods, juices, milk and dairy products, muffins, dry pasta products, macaroni and meat products. The present review focuses on the evidences of the potential health benefits of flaxseed through human and animals’ recent studies and commercial use in various food products.

Fig. 3

#flaxseed #flax #semi di lino #leinsamen #food #lignans #antioxidant #medicine #health #salute #nutrition #diet #alimentazione #fiber #omega #fat #fatty #vegan #vegetarian #anti-inflammatory #diabetes #hypertension #ipertensione arteriosa  #non pharmacological interventions

PS
This is a recreation of one of my old posts which were being lost for some technical reason.

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see also:
Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 2, recreated)
Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 3)
Safety Profile of Flaxseed (2018)
  
mangio molto la "linhaça" da quando  ho cambiato continente ;)
  
Ciao @Giacomino
Infatti, anche a casa nostra li usiamo abbondantemente. Semi interi quando facciamo il pane e semi macinati grezzamente più volte alla settimana in aggiunta al muesli.  
Tutto questo non tanto per motivi salutistici ma perchè piacciono davvero.
Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 2, recreated)

  last edited: Fri, 14 Dec 2018 17:54:11 +0100  
In summary, flaxseed induced one of the most potent antihypertensive effects achieved
by a dietary intervention.

Image/photo
(my work, CC0)

Potent Antihypertensive Action of Dietary Flaxseed in Hypertensive Patients (Abstract)
Hypertension. 2013;62:1081-1089
Originally published November 13, 2013
https://doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.113.02094

Abstract
Flaxseed contains ω-3 fatty acids, lignans, and fiber that together may provide benefits to patients with cardiovascular disease. Animal work identified that patients with peripheral artery disease may particularly benefit from dietary supplementation with flaxseed. Hypertension is commonly associated with peripheral artery disease. The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of daily ingestion of flaxseed on systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in peripheral artery disease patients. In this prospective, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, randomized trial, patients (110 in total) ingested a variety of foods that contained 30 g of milled flaxseed or placebo each day over 6 months. Plasma levels of the ω-3 fatty acid α-linolenic acid and enterolignans increased 2- to 50-fold in the flaxseed-fed group but did not increase significantly in the placebo group. Patient body weights were not significantly different between the 2 groups at any time. SBP was ≈10 mm Hg lower, and DBP was ≈7 mm Hg lower in the flaxseed group compared with placebo after 6 months. Patients who entered the trial with a SBP ≥140 mm Hg at baseline obtained a significant reduction of 15 mm Hg in SBP and 7 mm Hg in DBP from flaxseed ingestion. The antihypertensive effect was achieved selectively in hypertensive patients. Circulating α-linolenic acid levels correlated with SBP and DBP, and lignan levels correlated with changes in DBP. In summary, flaxseed induced one of the most potent antihypertensive effects achieved by a dietary intervention.


Extraordinary results reported in a rare example of a double-blinded, placebo-controlled, randomized trial of a dietary intervention (flaxseeds) to combat one of our leading killers, high blood pressure.
Michael Greger M.D. FACLM, 2015



Flax Seeds for Hypertension
by NutritionFacts.org on YouTube

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Further information:
Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 1, recreated)
Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 3)
Safety Profile of Flaxseed (2018)

Edit 12/18: link update

PS
This is a recreation of one of my old posts which were being lost for some technical reason.

#flaxseed #flax #semi di lino #leinsamen #food #lignans #antioxidant #medicine #health #salute #nutrition #diet #alimentazione #fiber #omega #fat #fatty #vegan #vegetarian #anti-inflammatory #diabetes #hypertension #ipertensione arteriosa  #non pharmacological interventions
  
Safety Profile of Flaxseed (2018)

  last edited: Fri, 14 Dec 2018 17:44:24 +0100  
I think Franziska Spritzler's article is very balanced:



Image/photo


Take-Home Message

Based on the most up-to-date research, flax seems to provide a number of health benefits. Several studies suggest that it may reduce the risk for certain cancers, ease menopausal symptoms, reduce inflammation, protect heart and digestive health, and perhaps improve other conditions as well.
Groups who may need to avoid or minimize flaxseed include pregnant women and those on anticoagulation therapy. In addition, there may be certain digestive disorders or rare medical conditions where flaxseed consumption would be contraindicated. Therefore, it's important to speak with your doctor or medical provider if you are being treated for such a condition prior to adding flax to your diet.
Whether or not to consume flaxseed is a personal choice. The benefits may be minimal in some cases and significant in others. At any rate, consuming flax in moderation is safe for most people.


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Further information:
Flaxseed and flaxseed oil (2017, Mayo Clinic)
Flaxseed: Examining the Research (2015, Spritzler)
Natural cures for breast cancer treatment (2016)
Phytoestrogens and prevention of breast cancer: The contentious debate (2014)
Prudent Use of Flax (Flax Council of Canada)
Safety of Flax (Flax Council of Canada)
Flax – A Health and Nutrition Primer (2007, Flax Council of Canada)

see also:
Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 1, recreated)
Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 2, recreated)
Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 3)

Edit 12/18: link update

#flaxseed #flax #semi_di_lino #leinsamen #food  #lignans #antioxidant  #medicine #health #salute #nutrition #diet #alimentazione #fiber #omega #fat #fatty #vegan #vegetarian #cancer
  
Hello @Marshall Sutherland

You are right to ask: What about the savety profile of flaxseeds ?
This is the opportunity for me to post separately about this specific argoment in the next few days.
Thanks!
  
@Marshall Sutherland , the phlogiston content more than makes up for it.
  
After a (little) bit of time...

Safety Profile of Flaxseed (2018)