Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 1, recreated)

  last edited: Sun, 16 Dec 2018 15:04:11 +0100  
This is my first post on the remarkable nutritional properties of flaxseed.
The article from 2014 reported under the picture describes the medical properties on humans very well.
Especially I like Fig. 3, which summarizes the properties effectively.

(my work, CC0)

Flax and flaxseed oil: an ancient medicine & modern functional food  (pdf)
J Food Sci Technol. 2014 Sep; 51(9): 1633–1653.
Published online 2014 Jan 10. doi:  [10.1007/s13197-013-1247-9]

Flaxseed is emerging as an important functional food ingredient because of its rich contents of α-linolenic acid (ALA, omega-3 fatty acid), lignans, and fiber. Flaxseed oil, fibers and flax lignans have potential health benefits such as in reduction of cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, diabetes, cancer, arthritis, osteoporosis, autoimmune and neurological disorders. Flax protein helps in the prevention and treatment of heart disease and in supporting the immune system. As a functional food ingredient, flax or flaxseed oil has been incorporated into baked foods, juices, milk and dairy products, muffins, dry pasta products, macaroni and meat products. The present review focuses on the evidences of the potential health benefits of flaxseed through human and animals’ recent studies and commercial use in various food products.

Fig. 3

#flaxseed #flax #semi di lino #leinsamen #food #lignans #antioxidant #medicine #health #salute #nutrition #diet #alimentazione #fiber #omega #fat #fatty #vegan #vegetarian #anti-inflammatory #diabetes #hypertension #ipertensione arteriosa  #non pharmacological interventions

This is a recreation of one of my old posts which were being lost for some technical reason.

see also:
Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 2, recreated)
Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 3)
Safety Profile of Flaxseed (2018)
mangio molto la "linhaça" da quando  ho cambiato continente ;)
Ciao @Giacomino
Infatti, anche a casa nostra li usiamo abbondantemente. Semi interi quando facciamo il pane e semi macinati grezzamente più volte alla settimana in aggiunta al muesli.  
Tutto questo non tanto per motivi salutistici ma perchè piacciono davvero.
Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 2, recreated)

  last edited: Fri, 14 Dec 2018 17:54:11 +0100  
In summary, flaxseed induced one of the most potent antihypertensive effects achieved
by a dietary intervention.

(my work, CC0)

Potent Antihypertensive Action of Dietary Flaxseed in Hypertensive Patients (Abstract)
Hypertension. 2013;62:1081-1089
Originally published November 13, 2013

Flaxseed contains ω-3 fatty acids, lignans, and fiber that together may provide benefits to patients with cardiovascular disease. Animal work identified that patients with peripheral artery disease may particularly benefit from dietary supplementation with flaxseed. Hypertension is commonly associated with peripheral artery disease. The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of daily ingestion of flaxseed on systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in peripheral artery disease patients. In this prospective, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, randomized trial, patients (110 in total) ingested a variety of foods that contained 30 g of milled flaxseed or placebo each day over 6 months. Plasma levels of the ω-3 fatty acid α-linolenic acid and enterolignans increased 2- to 50-fold in the flaxseed-fed group but did not increase significantly in the placebo group. Patient body weights were not significantly different between the 2 groups at any time. SBP was ≈10 mm Hg lower, and DBP was ≈7 mm Hg lower in the flaxseed group compared with placebo after 6 months. Patients who entered the trial with a SBP ≥140 mm Hg at baseline obtained a significant reduction of 15 mm Hg in SBP and 7 mm Hg in DBP from flaxseed ingestion. The antihypertensive effect was achieved selectively in hypertensive patients. Circulating α-linolenic acid levels correlated with SBP and DBP, and lignan levels correlated with changes in DBP. In summary, flaxseed induced one of the most potent antihypertensive effects achieved by a dietary intervention.

Extraordinary results reported in a rare example of a double-blinded, placebo-controlled, randomized trial of a dietary intervention (flaxseeds) to combat one of our leading killers, high blood pressure.
Michael Greger M.D. FACLM, 2015

Flax Seeds for Hypertension
by NutritionFacts.org on YouTube

Further information:
Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 1, recreated)
Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 3)
Safety Profile of Flaxseed (2018)

Edit 12/18: link update

This is a recreation of one of my old posts which were being lost for some technical reason.

#flaxseed #flax #semi di lino #leinsamen #food #lignans #antioxidant #medicine #health #salute #nutrition #diet #alimentazione #fiber #omega #fat #fatty #vegan #vegetarian #anti-inflammatory #diabetes #hypertension #ipertensione arteriosa  #non pharmacological interventions
Safety Profile of Flaxseed (2018)

  last edited: Fri, 14 Dec 2018 17:44:24 +0100  
I think Franziska Spritzler's article is very balanced:


Take-Home Message

Based on the most up-to-date research, flax seems to provide a number of health benefits. Several studies suggest that it may reduce the risk for certain cancers, ease menopausal symptoms, reduce inflammation, protect heart and digestive health, and perhaps improve other conditions as well.
Groups who may need to avoid or minimize flaxseed include pregnant women and those on anticoagulation therapy. In addition, there may be certain digestive disorders or rare medical conditions where flaxseed consumption would be contraindicated. Therefore, it's important to speak with your doctor or medical provider if you are being treated for such a condition prior to adding flax to your diet.
Whether or not to consume flaxseed is a personal choice. The benefits may be minimal in some cases and significant in others. At any rate, consuming flax in moderation is safe for most people.

Further information:
Flaxseed and flaxseed oil (2017, Mayo Clinic)
Flaxseed: Examining the Research (2015, Spritzler)
Natural cures for breast cancer treatment (2016)
Phytoestrogens and prevention of breast cancer: The contentious debate (2014)
Prudent Use of Flax (Flax Council of Canada)
Safety of Flax (Flax Council of Canada)
Flax – A Health and Nutrition Primer (2007, Flax Council of Canada)

see also:
Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 1, recreated)
Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 2, recreated)
Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 3)

Edit 12/18: link update

#flaxseed #flax #semi_di_lino #leinsamen #food  #lignans #antioxidant  #medicine #health #salute #nutrition #diet #alimentazione #fiber #omega #fat #fatty #vegan #vegetarian #cancer
Hello @Marshall Sutherland

You are right to ask: What about the savety profile of flaxseeds ?
This is the opportunity for me to post separately about this specific argoment in the next few days.
@Marshall Sutherland , the phlogiston content more than makes up for it.
After a (little) bit of time...

Safety Profile of Flaxseed (2018)
Increase in takeaway meal consumption (2017)

  last edited: Sun, 03 Feb 2019 23:56:53 +0100  
These results suggest that further increases in takeaway meal consumption (and marketing directed at encouraging such increases) are likely to have adverse public health consequences and should be actively discouraged. The government should be considering health protection initiatives to reverse the current trends in takeaway meal consumption, in the context of broader efforts to improve childhood diet and nutrition in home and school settings.

Fast food in Yambol, Bulgaria

Takeaway meal consumption and risk markers for coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes and obesity in children aged 9–10 years: a cross-sectional study
Donin AS, et al. Arch Dis Child 2017;0:1–6. doi:10.1136/archdischild-2017-312981

What is already known?
  • Observational evidence suggests that adults who regularly eat takeaway meals have poorer diet quality, increased adiposity, type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease.
  • In the UK, takeaway meal consumption is increasing. However, little is known about the associations between takeaway meal consumption and chronic disease risk markers in children.

What this study adds?
  • Our study suggests that children who regularly eat takeaway meals have adverse lipid profiles, higher body fat and poorer diet quality.
  •   Efforts to reduce takeaway meal consumption in children could have both short-term and long-term health benefits.

Pasti pronti, da portar via (Roberto Minelli)

@Children's World

#food #"fast food" #take-away
With ‘food deserts’ everywhere, it’s no wonder so many Brits are obese (2018, TheGuardian)

When it comes to tempting supermarkets selling fresh food into these areas it’s a vicious circle – they’ll argue that the deprivation means that the customer base won’t be there, and so the customer base becomes even more likely to make unhealthy food choices (junk food can be addictive, remember), because that’s all that is available
Large rise in takeaway shops highlights dominance of fast food in deprived areas (2017, TheGuardian)

“The junk food and sugary drinks sold by these outlets make an important contribution to the UK epidemic of obesity and diabetes,” said Professor Simon Capewell, vice-president for policy at the UK’s Faculty of Public Health. “Furthermore, the much greater density of fast food outlets in deprived neighbourhoods exacerbates existing, substantial inequalities in health. These trends are very worrying.”
More than a million UK residents live in 'food deserts', says study (2018,TheGuardian)

More than a million people in the UK live in “food deserts” – neighbourhoods where poverty, poor public transport and a dearth of big supermarkets severely limit access to affordable fresh fruit and vegetables, a study has claimed.
  last edited: Tue, 30 Oct 2018 21:40:21 +0100  
Citrus juice, vitamin C give staying power to green tea antioxidants

Lemons and tea go even better together than their popularity might suggest. Lemon juice caused 80 percent of tea's catechins to remain, the study found. Following lemon, in terms of stabilizing power, were orange, lime and grapefruit juices. Ferruzzi said both vitamin C and citrus juices must interact with catechins to prevent their degradation in the intestines, although data made it clear that citrus juices have stabilizing effects beyond what would be predicted solely based on their vitamin C content.

Common tea formulations modulate in vitro digestive recovery of green tea catechins
Green, R. J., Murphy, A. S., Schulz, B., Watkins, B. A. and Ferruzzi, M. G. (2007),
Mol. Nutr. Food Res., 51: 1152–1162. doi:10.1002/mnfr.200700086

Edit: See also:
What Happens if You Add Milk to Tea?

@Camellia Sinensis Moment

#green tea #catechins #vitamin C #health #food #nutrition
How poverty affects diet to shape the microbiota and chronic disease (2017)

  last edited: Tue, 30 Oct 2018 21:18:18 +0100  
How poverty affects diet to shape the microbiota and chronic disease (2017)
Nature Reviews Immunology doi:10.1038/nri.2017.121

ManuelManuel wrote the following post Thu, 30 Nov 2017 08:04:51 +0100
Lucha de clases en las heces del mundo rico

La calidad de nuestra microbiota intestinal distingue entre personas ricas y pobres. El precio por caloría de la comida basura o el estrés crónico de vivir en riesgo de exclusión parecen afectar negativamente a la justicia social bacteriana, crucial para la salud.

Lucha de clases en las heces del mundo rico


Christy A. Harrison y Douglas Taren, de la Universidad de Arizona, acaban de publicar un artículo en la revista Nature en el que establecen un marco para investigar cómo la desigualdad de ingresos y el estatus socioeconómico están detrás de los problemas que afectan a la microbiota de la gente pobre en los países ricos.
Harrison y Taren sugieren que hay suficientes pruebas de que ciertos comportamientos y entornos asociados al nivel educativo o de ingresos afectan gravemente a la salud y que lo más probable es que la microbiota no quede indemne.

En conversación con El Salto, Christy Harrison se muestra convencida: “la investigación me impulsa a creer que hay una conexión profunda entre nuestra sociología y nuestra biología, y tiene todo el sentido que la microbiota sea un actor fundamental”. A lo que Taren añade: “debería haber pocas dudas de que la escasez de recursos está relacionada con la microbiota, no solo porque la pobreza económica afecta a la dieta, sino porque probablemente está relacionada con otras formas de injusticia social” que afectan a la salud.

#food #nutrition #microbiota #socio-economic status #'calories-per-dollar trade-off' #chronic disease #immune system #stress #dietary fibre #plant based diet
  last edited: Sun, 10 Dec 2017 17:33:52 +0100  
For the broccoli haters of the world, researchers may have more bad news: the vegetable may also help promote a healthy gut.

Like it or not: Broccoli may be good for the gut (2017)

"There are a lot of reasons we want to explore helping with gastrointestinal health and one reason is if you have problems, like a leaky gut, and start to suffer inflammation, that may then lead to other conditions, like arthritis and heart disease," said Perdew. "Keeping your gut healthy and making sure you have good barrier functions so you're not getting this leaky effect would be really big."
Good intestinal barrier function means that the gastrointestinal tract is helping protect the intestines from toxins and harmful microorganisms, while allowing nutrients to pass into the system, he said.

Dietary broccoli impacts microbial community structure and attenuates chemically induced colitis in mice in an Ah receptor dependent manner (Journal of Functional Foods)
Leaky gut (Wikipedia)

#broccoli #food #nutrition #leaky gut #microbiota
For me it is and it will be an unhappy mushroom ;-) , of cause!
All other interpretation are purely accidental and off topic! in this post. :-)

By the way, the world is not perfect!
I knew that!
I had to post about Shiitake and not broccoli. :-)
It's okay
dove vivi tu ci sono buoni negozi dove comprare ottimi tè @Alimentazione e quello che sta intorno ?
'The food supplement that ruined my liver' (2018, BBC News)

"If you are drinking modest amounts of green tea you're very safe," says Prof Herbert Bonkovsky, director of liver services at Wake Forest University School of Medicine in North Carolina, who has been tracking injuries linked to green tea supplements for nearly 20 years. "The greater risk comes in people who are taking these more concentrated extracts."

EFSA assesses safety of green tea catechins (2018, European Food Safety Authority)

For green tea infusions, EFSA’s experts concluded that there is generally no indication of liver damage even after high consumption, and that the few cases of liver damage reported in humans are likely due to rare and unpredictable reactions. Experts therefore considered catechins from green tea infusions brewed with hot water, and instant and ready-to-drink green tea beverages with similar catechin content, as generally safe.

For food supplements, EFSA’s experts concluded – on the basis of human studies conducted with volunteers under medical supervision – that doses of EGCG at 800 mg/day may be associated with initial signs of liver damage. While there was no indication of liver injury for doses below 800 mg/day from green tea supplements, experts were unable to identify a safe dose based on available data.

Liver-related safety assessment of green tea extracts in humans: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (2016, European Journal of Clinical Nutrition)

Results of this review, although not conclusive, suggest that liver-related adverse events after intake of green tea extracts are expected to be rare.
Treating Prostate Cancer with Green Tea (01/2020, nutritionfacts.org)

Unfortunately, green tea extract pills are not without risk. There have been about a dozen case reports of liver damage associated with their use. Until there’s more solid evidence of benefit, I’d stick with just drinking the tea. Green or black? A recent study that randomized about a hundred men with prostate cancer to consume six cups a day of green tea or black tea found a significant drop in PSA levels and NF-kB in the green tea group, but not in either the black tea or control groups
Intermittent Fasting, Timing and Breast Health

  last edited: Tue, 30 Oct 2018 20:54:36 +0100  
Prolonged Nightly Fasting and Breast Cancer Prognosis
JAMA Oncol. 2016 Aug 1;2(8):1049-55. doi: 10.1001/jamaoncol.2016.0164.

While it is often presumed that a healthy diet will improve breast cancer outcomes, data on this hypothesis are mixed. Much of the research has focused on what to eat to prevent cancer, such as specific foods, food groups, or dietary patterns.
Recently, a novel theorem has emerged that when we eat also matters, with research showing that the timing of food intake influences metabolic health and cancer.

To our knowledge, this is the first human study to examine the association between nightly fasting and cancer outcomes.

Our study introduces a novel dietary intervention strategy and indicates that prolonging the length of the nightly fasting interval could be a simple and feasible strategy to reduce breast cancer recurrence. In this cohort of patients with early-stage breast cancer, a longer nightly fasting interval was also associated with significantly lower concentrations of HbA 1c and longer sleep duration. Given the associations of nightly fasting with glycemic control and sleep, we hypothesize that interventions to prolong the nightly fasting interval could potentially reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and other cancers.
Thus, findings from this study have broad and significant implications for public health. Randomized trials are needed to adequately test whether prolonging the nightly fasting interval can reduce the risk of chronic disease.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27032109    (abstract)

#cancer  #"breast_cancer  #fasting  #digiuno  #fasten  #chronic_disease  #food  #prevention  
#circadian_rhythms  #timing  #glucoregulation  #non_pharmacological_interventions