Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 1, recreated)

  last edited: Sun, 16 Dec 2018 15:04:11 +0100  
This is my first post on the remarkable nutritional properties of flaxseed.
The article from 2014 reported under the picture describes the medical properties on humans very well.
Especially I like Fig. 3, which summarizes the properties effectively.

Image/photo
(my work, CC0)

Flax and flaxseed oil: an ancient medicine & modern functional food  (pdf)
J Food Sci Technol. 2014 Sep; 51(9): 1633–1653.
Published online 2014 Jan 10. doi:  [10.1007/s13197-013-1247-9]

Abstract
Flaxseed is emerging as an important functional food ingredient because of its rich contents of α-linolenic acid (ALA, omega-3 fatty acid), lignans, and fiber. Flaxseed oil, fibers and flax lignans have potential health benefits such as in reduction of cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, diabetes, cancer, arthritis, osteoporosis, autoimmune and neurological disorders. Flax protein helps in the prevention and treatment of heart disease and in supporting the immune system. As a functional food ingredient, flax or flaxseed oil has been incorporated into baked foods, juices, milk and dairy products, muffins, dry pasta products, macaroni and meat products. The present review focuses on the evidences of the potential health benefits of flaxseed through human and animals’ recent studies and commercial use in various food products.

Fig. 3

#flaxseed #flax #semi di lino #leinsamen #food #lignans #antioxidant #medicine #health #salute #nutrition #diet #alimentazione #fiber #omega #fat #fatty #vegan #vegetarian #anti-inflammatory #diabetes #hypertension #ipertensione arteriosa  #non pharmacological interventions

PS
This is a recreation of one of my old posts which were being lost for some technical reason.

--
see also:
Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 2, recreated)
Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 3)
Safety Profile of Flaxseed (2018)
  
mangio molto la "linhaça" da quando  ho cambiato continente ;)
  
Ciao @Giacomino
Infatti, anche a casa nostra li usiamo abbondantemente. Semi interi quando facciamo il pane e semi macinati grezzamente più volte alla settimana in aggiunta al muesli.  
Tutto questo non tanto per motivi salutistici ma perchè piacciono davvero.
A Novel Brief Therapy for Patients Who Attempt Suicide (2016)

  last edited: Sat, 24 Nov 2018 00:47:18 +0100  
Forty years later, Motto could remember the first sentence: “You are the most persistent son-of-a-bitch I’ve ever encountered, so you must really be sincere in your interest in me.” There it was, a perfect encapsulation of the study’s aims. Motto called it “the bingo letter.”


alysonsee (Hz)alysonsee (Hz) wrote the following post Sat, 17 Nov 2018 04:14:51 +0100
How to Help Someone Who is Suicidal
This article made me think of @Are0h 's thoughtful, supportive posts to whomever might be reading them.

"A long-retired psychiatrist and suicide researcher named Jerome Motto ... wasn’t well-known ... [but] he was the only American to devise an experiment that dramatically reduced suicide deaths. His technique didn’t involve a complicated thousand-page manual to follow or $1 billion in pharmaceutical research and development. All he did was send occasional letters to those at risk.... He wondered if the simple act of showing people that he was there for them—and expected nothing in return—would make suicidal patients feel less isolated, less in conflict with themselves." His initial, four-year study showed the suicide rate among those who received regular contact was half of the group who had not received these short letters and notes.

How to Help Someone Who is Suicidal

h/t @Jimmy "Hedgie" Brokaw



--
A Novel Brief Therapy for Patients Who Attempt Suicide: A 24-months Follow-Up Randomized Controlled Study of the Attempted Suicide Short Intervention Program (ASSIP)
Published: March 1, 2016 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001968

Conclusions
ASSIP, a manual-based brief therapy for patients who have recently attempted suicide, administered in addition to the usual clinical treatment, was efficacious in reducing suicidal behavior in a real-world clinical setting. ASSIP fulfills the need for an easy-to-administer low-cost intervention. Large pragmatic trials will be needed to conclusively establish the efficacy of ASSIP and replicate our findings in other clinical settings.


Edit: #non pharmacological interventions
Thanks @Manuel
  
Can Three Numbers Stem the Tide of American Suicides? (2019, TheAtlantic)

A simple phone-line change is poised to put millions more people in touch with sympathetic strangers.

“We’re not very good at predicting who will attempt suicide,” he says.
“But we’re much better at helping to keep people safe.”
  
Appendix: The Spanish Case, a Devastating Pandemic...

El suicidio se puede prevenir pero sigue siendo la primera causa externa de fallecimiento

Image/photo

Las muertes por suicidio siguen siendo la primera causa externa de fallecimiento, muy por delante de los accidentes de tráfico, como recordó ayer la Confederación Salud Mental España en el Día Mundial de la Salud Mental, que este año se centró en la prevención del suicidio.

Según los últimos datos del Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE), el total de muertes por esta causa se elevó a 3.679 en 2017. Además, la cifra ha crecido en un 3,1% respecto al registro de 2016 y es la más elevada en los últimos doce años: supone que una media de 10 personas al día se quita la vida en España.
Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 2, recreated)

  last edited: Fri, 14 Dec 2018 17:54:11 +0100  
In summary, flaxseed induced one of the most potent antihypertensive effects achieved
by a dietary intervention.

Image/photo
(my work, CC0)

Potent Antihypertensive Action of Dietary Flaxseed in Hypertensive Patients (Abstract)
Hypertension. 2013;62:1081-1089
Originally published November 13, 2013
https://doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.113.02094

Abstract
Flaxseed contains ω-3 fatty acids, lignans, and fiber that together may provide benefits to patients with cardiovascular disease. Animal work identified that patients with peripheral artery disease may particularly benefit from dietary supplementation with flaxseed. Hypertension is commonly associated with peripheral artery disease. The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of daily ingestion of flaxseed on systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in peripheral artery disease patients. In this prospective, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, randomized trial, patients (110 in total) ingested a variety of foods that contained 30 g of milled flaxseed or placebo each day over 6 months. Plasma levels of the ω-3 fatty acid α-linolenic acid and enterolignans increased 2- to 50-fold in the flaxseed-fed group but did not increase significantly in the placebo group. Patient body weights were not significantly different between the 2 groups at any time. SBP was ≈10 mm Hg lower, and DBP was ≈7 mm Hg lower in the flaxseed group compared with placebo after 6 months. Patients who entered the trial with a SBP ≥140 mm Hg at baseline obtained a significant reduction of 15 mm Hg in SBP and 7 mm Hg in DBP from flaxseed ingestion. The antihypertensive effect was achieved selectively in hypertensive patients. Circulating α-linolenic acid levels correlated with SBP and DBP, and lignan levels correlated with changes in DBP. In summary, flaxseed induced one of the most potent antihypertensive effects achieved by a dietary intervention.


Extraordinary results reported in a rare example of a double-blinded, placebo-controlled, randomized trial of a dietary intervention (flaxseeds) to combat one of our leading killers, high blood pressure.
Michael Greger M.D. FACLM, 2015



Flax Seeds for Hypertension
by NutritionFacts.org on YouTube

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Further information:
Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 1, recreated)
Flaxseed: Small, but great inside (part 3)
Safety Profile of Flaxseed (2018)

Edit 12/18: link update

PS
This is a recreation of one of my old posts which were being lost for some technical reason.

#flaxseed #flax #semi di lino #leinsamen #food #lignans #antioxidant #medicine #health #salute #nutrition #diet #alimentazione #fiber #omega #fat #fatty #vegan #vegetarian #anti-inflammatory #diabetes #hypertension #ipertensione arteriosa  #non pharmacological interventions
  
Wow, very interesting, thank you for taking the care to re-create this post. I had missed the original. :)
Viva la Primavera ! (aspettando novembre)

  last edited: Fri, 11 May 2018 21:33:37 +0200  
Image/photoFoto mia d'oggi, CCO
  last edited: Fri, 11 May 2018 21:43:17 +0200  
Well known are the health benefits of vergin olive oil.
A little less is known about the health properties of the leaves.
For example, a decoction of leaves could be very helpful in case of borderline arterial hypertension and hypercholesterolemia.

Here is an article that gives a good overview :
Polyphenols benefits of olive leaf (Olea europaea L) to human health. (2015)
(Nutr Hosp. 2015;31:1427-1433) DOI:10.3305/nh.2015.31.3.8400

Edit: added #non pharmacological interventions
  
And olive leaf tea is lovely. Our guests are drinking it with their breakfast this morning.
  
Di oggi, un anno dopo, si, un altro giro di giostra (aspettando novembre)
Che quest'anno sia un anno buono come quello precedente !

Image/photo
...First Do No Harm

  last edited: Tue, 26 Feb 2019 11:32:22 +0100  
The diet that can cure epilepsy (2016, Mosaicscience)
If the drugs don’t work, doctors can prescribe a special diet for people with epilepsy that will often stop or reduce their seizures.



First Do No Harm (Film with Meryl Streep)

Image/photo

...First Do No Harm is a 1997 American made-for-television drama film directed by Jim Abrahams about a boy whose severe epilepsy, unresponsive to medications with terrible side effects, is controlled by the ketogenic diet. Aspects of the story mirror Abrahams' own experience with his son Charlie.


Edit: #epilepsy #"ketogenic diet" #non_pharmacological_interventions

Credits and further information:
...First Do No Harm (Film, Wikipedia)
Ketogenic diet (Wikipedia)
Ketogenic Diet: An Early Option for Epilepsy Treatment, Instead of A Last Choice Only (2013)
Pharmacoresistant Epilepsy: A Current Update on Non-Conventional Pharmacological and Non-Pharmacological Interventions (2015)
Matthew’s Friends
The Gut Microbiota Mediates the Anti-Seizure Effects of the Ketogenic Diet (2018, Cell)
Ketogene Diät: Darmbakterien sorgen für weniger Anfälle bei Epilepsie (2018, aertzeblatt)
Keto Diet for Neurological Disorders (2019, sciencebasedmedicine.org)

Edit: link update
  
HOME MADE SOYA PRODUCTS (2019, ketogenicdietindia.org)

When people talk about ketogenic diet, the first thought that comes to their mind is that they will have to consume a lot of non-vegetarian food items in order to fulfill the protein requirement. That is however not true.


#vegetarian
Sleep deprivation can rapidly reduce the symptoms of depression (2017)

  last edited: Wed, 27 Feb 2019 21:32:51 +0100  
Sleep and sleep deprivation have many facets. Here is another one:

Sleep Deprivation is an Effective Anti-depressant for Nearly Half of Depressed Patients (2017)

Image/photo
+


Meta-Analysis of the Antidepressant Effects of Acute Sleep Deprivation
J Clin Psychiatry 2017;78(8):e1020–e1034
10.4088/JCP.16r11332
Conclusions:
These findings support a significant effect of sleep deprivation and suggest the need for future studies on the phenotypic nature of the antidepressant response to sleep deprivation, on the neurobiological mechanisms of action, and on moderators of the sleep deprivation treatment response in depression.


Edit: added tag and link (2018)
#sleep #sleeping #depression #non_pharmacological_interventions
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Sleep deprivation can rapidly reduce the symptoms of depression (2017)
Staying awake: the surprisingly effective way to treat depression (2018)


See also::
Sleep Scientist Warns Against Walking Through Life 'In An Underslept State' (2017)
Depression and Mindfulness (2016)
Sleep deprivation (Wikipedia)
Sleep Deprivation – Symptoms, Causes, Dangers and Treatment (American Sleep Association)
  last edited: Fri, 12 Jul 2019 14:57:07 +0200  
This is not surprising at all. In my experience of practicing semi-voluntary sleep deprivation on a somewhat regular basis, it is crystal clear that you get a "high" after a period. But that is a reaction to the stress, as your body understands it needs to be awake because of some danger or mission and boosts you despite the fact that you need sleep. And then later you will crash.

There are other ways to get a kick that are less damaging to your body, like doing sports, practicing yoga, exposure to nature, being around friends, helping others etc. I particularly recommend dancing. ;-)
  
To talk about depression is not easy.

This starts with the fact that everyone who hears the term first thinks of his own personal experiences. Not only the really self-experienced, but also the close ones.
If it applies, that each illness in each individual behaves individually and has own rules, then this applies completely particularly to depression.
Another different aspect is that there are different degrees of severity, but they all run under the same umbrella term "depression".
This starts with temporary low mood disorder, which we all know more or less, over many intermediate stages, up to the Major depressive disorder (MDD).

While in the area closer to "low" mood disorders the possibilities are manifold (sport, yoga, mindfulness, exposure to nature, being around friends, dancing, light therapy, complementary medicine, ecc.) the closer you get to Major depressive disorder the more effective therapy possibilities are reduced.

Nobody can know exactly where the border is and things are still working or just not working anymore. Often the degree of severity swings as well. There are empirical values, but in the end every person reacts differently. What is certain is that the more a person moves towards a Major depressive disorder, the more the probability of a therapy option with few/zero side effects is reduced.

The attempts to cheer up those affected or anything else well-intentioned is doomed to failure and often only makes things worse. This is because a truly depressed person becomes all the more aware of his apathetic and impassive emotional situation. Others feel joy and serenity and he only feels emptiness and indifference.

As friends and family, I think it's important and so difficult just to be there. Just to be there to talk or, yes, just to be there, to spend time together without wanting to direct or challenge, to be able to accept depression as a life situation that can last for years and to be able to tolerate one's own powerlessness.

In fact, it is completely unrealistic to be proactive in such a situation or to try to help the affected person to pull himself out of the swamp by using his own pots.
Time often helps.

I believe that in an acutely worsening situation sleep deprivation can help for a short time, at least if one can believe the research. It is a kind of "first aid" (usually performed in hospital under medical supervision), which, when it strikes (40-50% of cases approximately), works relatively quickly and gives other therapies time to start working.
  
A 60,000-year-old cure for depression (2019, bbc.com)

...recovering from depression is a little like resurfacing from a cold river; thoughts like colours and sounds seem brighter, louder, clearer. And even if there’s no magic fix for mental illness, it seems indigenous Australians have much to teach us about developing greater awareness and reciprocity with our planet for our physical and emotional survival – if we only take the time to listen.


Thanks for sharing @Mike Macgirvin
Intermittent Fasting, Timing and Breast Health

  last edited: Tue, 30 Oct 2018 20:54:36 +0100  
Prolonged Nightly Fasting and Breast Cancer Prognosis
JAMA Oncol. 2016 Aug 1;2(8):1049-55. doi: 10.1001/jamaoncol.2016.0164.

While it is often presumed that a healthy diet will improve breast cancer outcomes, data on this hypothesis are mixed. Much of the research has focused on what to eat to prevent cancer, such as specific foods, food groups, or dietary patterns.
Recently, a novel theorem has emerged that when we eat also matters, with research showing that the timing of food intake influences metabolic health and cancer.

To our knowledge, this is the first human study to examine the association between nightly fasting and cancer outcomes.

Conclusions
Our study introduces a novel dietary intervention strategy and indicates that prolonging the length of the nightly fasting interval could be a simple and feasible strategy to reduce breast cancer recurrence. In this cohort of patients with early-stage breast cancer, a longer nightly fasting interval was also associated with significantly lower concentrations of HbA 1c and longer sleep duration. Given the associations of nightly fasting with glycemic control and sleep, we hypothesize that interventions to prolong the nightly fasting interval could potentially reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and other cancers.
Thus, findings from this study have broad and significant implications for public health. Randomized trials are needed to adequately test whether prolonging the nightly fasting interval can reduce the risk of chronic disease.



Credits:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27032109    (abstract)

#cancer  #"breast_cancer  #fasting  #digiuno  #fasten  #chronic_disease  #food  #prevention  
#circadian_rhythms  #timing  #glucoregulation  #non_pharmacological_interventions