ultima modifica: Sun, 03 Feb 2019 23:56:53 +0100  
These results suggest that further increases in takeaway meal consumption (and marketing directed at encouraging such increases) are likely to have adverse public health consequences and should be actively discouraged. The government should be considering health protection initiatives to reverse the current trends in takeaway meal consumption, in the context of broader efforts to improve childhood diet and nutrition in home and school settings.

Fast food in Yambol, Bulgaria

Takeaway meal consumption and risk markers for coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes and obesity in children aged 9–10 years: a cross-sectional study
Donin AS, et al. Arch Dis Child 2017;0:1–6. doi:10.1136/archdischild-2017-312981

What is already known?
  • Observational evidence suggests that adults who regularly eat takeaway meals have poorer diet quality, increased adiposity, type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease.
  • In the UK, takeaway meal consumption is increasing. However, little is known about the associations between takeaway meal consumption and chronic disease risk markers in children.

What this study adds?
  • Our study suggests that children who regularly eat takeaway meals have adverse lipid profiles, higher body fat and poorer diet quality.
  •   Efforts to reduce takeaway meal consumption in children could have both short-term and long-term health benefits.

Pasti pronti, da portar via (Roberto Minelli)

@Children's World

#food #"fast food" #take-away
  ultima modifica: Tue, 13 Mar 2018 21:29:07 +0100  
Yes it's very hard to have them easy decently. But we try nonetheless :)
Poverty and obesity: the role of energy density and energy costs (2004)
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Volume 79, Issue 1, 1 January 2004, Pages 6–16,

  • First, the highest rates of obesity occur among population groups with the highest poverty rates and the least education.
  • Second, there is an inverse relation between energy density (MJ/kg) and energy cost ($/MJ), such that energy-dense foods composed of refined grains, added sugars, or fats may represent the lowest-cost option to the consumer.
  • Third, the high energy density and palatability of sweets and fats are associated with higher energy intakes, at least in clinical and laboratory studies.
  • Fourth, poverty and food insecurity are associated with lower food expenditures, low fruit and vegetable consumption, and lower-quality diets.
  • More and more Americans are becoming overweight and obese while consuming more added sugars and fats and spending a lower percentage of their disposable income on food.
  • An increased consumption of snacks (5), caloric beverages (6, 7), and fast foods (8) by children and young adults has been shown repeatedly to be associated with obesity and excess weight gain.
  • The content of school lunches has been scrutinized (12), and even food-assistance programs have come under attack for their alleged role in “fattening the poor” (13, 14)

Thanks to @Haakon Meland Eriksen (Els Mussols)  (here)
Social Determinants and Poor Diet Quality of Energy-Dense Diets of Australian Young Adults (2017)
Healthcare (Basel). 2017 Dec; 5(4): 70.
Published online 2017 Oct 1. doi:  10.3390/healthcare5040070

In conclusion, the reported dietary energy-density of Australian young adults was high and of poor diet quality. There was evidence of differences for people of lower tertiary education attainment and lower socio-economic status—this information should be used to help ensure that interventions include those most at risk of consuming higher dietary energy-density. Efforts to improve dietary patterns by increasing consumption of low energy-dense fruits and vegetables must be escalated while consumption of energy-dense, nutrient poor foods should be actively discouraged.